Indus Valley Civilization : Extent of Civilization

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Mohen-Jo-Daro The Indus Valley Civilization was not confined to these two sites in the north-western area of the subcontinent. The influence of this culture extended to the Punjab, Sindh, North West Frontier Province (now in Pakistan), Baluchistan, Rajasthan, U.P., Gujarat and even some parts of south India.

This civilization was spread over an area of about 1600 kilometers from West to East and 1100 kilometers from North to South. However, recent excavations in Gujarat have shown that the extent of the civilization is much more than what people had thought it to be earlier. Research scholars are of the opinion that this civilization has spread over an area of 1,300,000 square kilometers, which is more than that of any ancient civilization known so far.

Important Sites :

Though there are many sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, Mohen-jo-Daro and Harappa are considered more important, as these were the biggest centers of the civilization.

Mohen-jo-Daro in the Sindhi language, means the 'Mound of the Dead'. It was located in the Larkana district of Sindh (now in Pakistan). Here a big city was found buried under the mound.

Harappa was situated on the bank of the river Ravi in the Montgomery district of West Punjab (now in Pakistan). Mohen-jo-daro type of civilization existed also in this city.

Other important sites were Chanu daro in Sindh (Pakistan) about 130 kilomatres south of Mohen-jo-daro, Lothal near Ahmedabad in Gujarat, kali bangan in Rajasthan, Alamgir near Hatinapur in U.P. and Ropar in the Punjab, at the foothills of Shivalik.

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